Marguerite de Valois

   1) (1492-1549)
(Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite de Navarre)
   queen of Navarre, poet, writer
   Marguerite de Valois (or d'Angoulême, or de Navarre, as she is also known) was born in Angoulême, the daughter of Charles de Valois, count of Angou-lême, and Louise of savoy, and was the sister of King Francis i, to whom she was greatly devoted. In 1509, Marguerite married Charles, duke of Alençon and, after his death, married Henri d'Albret, king of Navarre (1527). One of the most educated women of the period, Marguerite de Valois made her court at Navarre a center of humanism. A devout adherent of the Reformation and protector of the Protestants, she supported the work of various Protestant theologians, including john calvin, whom she knew. Among the scholars and writers who were part of her circle were Robert Estienne (see estienne family), Bonaventure des Préiers, clément marot, and François Rabelais, who dedicated his Tiers Livre to her. Marguerite was herself a writer and, besides her Heptaméron, her most famous work, her poems (Les Marguerites de la Marguerite des princesses) and some comedies. She was the mother of jeanne III d'Albret, queen of Navarre.
   2) (1553-1615)
(Queen Margot, la reine Margot)
   queen of France and Navarre
   The queen of Navarre and France, Marguerite de Valois, or "la reine Margot" as she is known, was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the daughter of King henry II of France and Queen Catherine de' medici. In August 1572, she married the leader of the huguenots, Henri de Navarre (the future henry IV of France). The wedding, which was attended by many prominent Huguenots, far from being an occasion for reconciliation, was one of the causes of the saint bartholomew's day massacre, in which thousands of Protestants were killed. After estrangement from her husband, and being expelled from the court of King henry III because of her involvement in intrigues in favor of her brother François d'Alençon (francis ii), Marguerite retired to Nérac, where she held a brilliant court, with many literary figures in attendance. she then settled at usson, in Auvergne (1587-1605). Although her childless marriage to Henry IV was annulled with her consent (1599), 10 years after Henry ascended the throne, Marguerite retained the title of queen. she returned to Paris in 1605. Intelligent and cultivated, she left her Mémoires, which are held in high regard.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Marguerite De Valois — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Marguerite de Valois est le nom donné à plusieurs princesses françaises issues de différentes branches (capétiens directs et Valois) de la dynastie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARGUERITE DE VALOIS — MARGUERITE DE VALOIS, dite LA REINE MARGOT (1553 1615) reine de France Il est peu de princesses de France qui aient autant défrayé la chronique de leur époque et alimenté si généreusement une littérature prétendument historique que Marguerite de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marguerite de Valois — Infobox French Royalty|majesty|consort name =Marguerite de Valois title =Queen consort of France and Navarre caption =Portrait of Marguerite de Valois, ca. 1572 reign =1589–1599 spouse =Henry IV royal house =House of Bourbon House of Valois… …   Wikipedia

  • Marguerite de Valois — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Marguerite de Valois est le nom donné à plusieurs princesses françaises issues de différentes branches (capétiens directs et Valois) de la dynastie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARGUERITE DE VALOIS — (1553 1615) As the daughter of Henri II and Catherine de Medici* and, later, wife to Henri IV, Marguerite de Valois found herself at the center of French politics and religion during the tumultuous sixteenth century. Beautiful, willful, and… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Marguerite de valois (1407-1458) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marguerite de France et Marguerite de Valois. Marguerite de Valois est née en 1407 et morte en 1458. Fille illégitime du roi de France Charles VI et de sa maîtresse Odette de Champdivers. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marguerite de valois (1295-1342) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marguerite de Valois. Marguerite de Valois (1295 1342) est la troisième fille de Charles de France, comte de Valois et de sa première femme Marguerite d Anjou. Elle épouse en 1310 Guy Ier de Châtillon, comte de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marguerite de Valois (disambiguation) — Marguerite de Valois may refer to: Marguerite de Valois, wife of Henry IV of France, daughter of Henry II of France Marguerite de Navarre, also called Marguerite of Angoulême, sister of Francis I of France, wife of Henry II of Navarre Marguerite… …   Wikipedia

  • Marguerite de Valois (1407-1458) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marguerite de France et Marguerite de Valois. Marguerite de Valois est née en 1407 et morte en 1458. Fille illégitime du roi de France Charles VI et de sa maîtresse Odette de Champdivers. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marguerite de Valois (1295-1342) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marguerite de Valois. Marguerite de Valois (1295 1342) est la troisième fille de Charles de France, comte de Valois et de sa première femme Marguerite d Anjou. Elle …   Wikipédia en Français

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